Court rejects petition to ban consensual sex outside marriage
An Indonesian constitutional court on Thursday narrowly rejected a petition by a conservative group to make extramarital sex illegal, but rights activists braced for a renewal of the battle in parliament and other state institutions.
Five of nine judges voted for the case to be thrown out, in a slim victory for rights activists who had feared the petition would spur moral policing and further discrimination against the gay community in the world’s largest Muslim-majority country.
Most Indonesians adhere to a moderate form of Islam under an officially secular system, but there has been rise of a hardline, politicised Islam in recent years, which until recently had stayed on the fringe of the nation’s politics.
Constitutional court chief justice Arief Hidayat said existing laws on adultery did not conflict with the constitution and it was not the court’s authority to create new policies.
The judge said the question could be put to parliament, which is currently deliberating revisions to the national criminal code.
“The plaintiff should submit their petition to lawmakers, and there it should be an important input in the ongoing revision of the national criminal code,” Hidayat said, as he read a summary of the 600-page ruling.
“Based on that view, the constitutional court is of the opinion that the petition is not legally sound.”
Rights activists were comforted by the court’s decision, while expecting more challenges to come.
“The decision is a relief because it shows it’s possible to challenge the creeping conservatism in society,” said Dede Oetomo, a prominent gay rights activist.
“But it’s not over. There’s parliament, there are other state institutions, they can turn to education, social organisations,” he added.